Students at the elementary school level have a vulnerability to injury as a consequence of growing and developing at that age. High curiosity about something and fast motor skills increase the need for awareness of this condition. Injuries that occur often arise due to vulnerability in responding to hazards in the environment. Injuries can occur intentionally or unintentionally. Research data show that boys are twice as likely to get injured as girls. The main cause of injury to children is caused by falling while playing and due to sports activities (WHO, 1991).
From the research data of Notosiswojo, (1991) et al., said that household injuries due to being hit by sharp objects, or falling, slipping or exposed to hot water had a higher percentage in rural areas and occurred more in children aged 0-20 years. In response to this, the FoN UI community service team carried out simple injury handling training for elementary school students. The purpose of this activity is not only to provide students with knowledge and skills in dealing with minor injuries, but also to prevent further injuries so that there is no risk of causing disability or infection.
The implementation was carried out on Friday and Saturday, 27-28 October 2020, the Community Service Team from the Faculty of Nursing, University of Indonesia conducted a series of community services at SDN Banyu Biru 02, Labuan District, Pandeglang Regency, Banten. A total of 58 children in grades 4 to 6 of elementary school received education about the first treatment for cuts, bruises or sprains. This community service is chaired by Ns. Shanti Farida Rachmi, M.Kep, Sp. Kep. M.B and Ns. La Ode Abd. Rahman and 6 students of the Bachelor and Masters program at FoN UI. This community service is carried out with the aim of increasing the knowledge and abilities of the participants about wound care, whether it’s handling first wounds, bleeding wounds, bruises, and sprains.
This community service from the University of Indonesia has been planned since before the pandemic and was carried out by implementing health protocols. The service team distributed masks and hand sanitizers to the participants as an effort to maintain the Covid-19 pandemic health protocol during the activity. Participants are required to sit at a distance and limit the number of participants in one room. This is done to support the 3M Government program (using masks, washing hands with soap or hand sanitizer, and maintaining distance).
Community service activities began with an opening and introduction from the service team to all participants starting at 08.30-10.30 WIB. The provision of education related to the first treatment for injuries was delivered by the Head of the Service Team, namely Ns. Shanti Farida Rachmi, M. Kep. Sp. Kep. M.B. Before starting the injury handling material, the presenter also explained to the participants regarding the use of masks and washing hands using hand sanitizer. After the presentation of the material, the activity continued with demonstrations related to the treatment of injuries, including minor wounds, bleeding wounds, bruises, and sprains. As we know that children in their growth period will be spent playing, both playing in the school environment and at home. Sometimes children accidentally when playing will experience a situation of falling and getting injured. This education is carried out so that when children are injured, they are skilled at caring for wounds independently, or are able to help friends who have minor injuries. If the injury is severe enough, children are also given the knowledge and skills to assess the wound and take the initiative to seek help from adults around them.
The activity ends with anthropometric measurements for participants to measure their height and weight and become data for further activities that can be carried out together with the school. The Community Service Team handed over a donation in the form of a “First Aid Bag” for the school which could be used in dealing with student health problems at school. The activity ended by identifying the school environment in supporting child-friendly schools, one of which was the UKS room (School Health Unit) and the teacher in charge of UKS as the first health care facility and resource for students at school. The team hopes that this activity will continue to be carried out as a form of community service of UI for the people of Indonesia.